This test looks for parasites and their eggs in a stool sample. A parasite remains a tiny plant or animal that becomes nutrients through feeding on other organisms. Parasites can live in the digestive system and cause diseases known as intestinal parasites. These affect tens of millions of people around the world. Although they are more common in countries with poor health systems, millions of people in the United States become infected with them each year.
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What is An Ova and Parasite Test?
In the United States, the most common parasites are Giardia and Cryptosporidium, also known as Crypto. These parasites are commonly found in:
- Rivers, lakes, and streams, even those that appear clean
- Pools and hot tubs
- Surfaces like bathroom handles and faucets, changing tables, and toys. Tiny traces of feces from an infected person may be on these surfaces.
Many people become infected with an intestinal parasite by accidentally drinking contaminated water or water from a lake or stream. In daycare centers, the risk of infection in children is also higher. Children can become infected with parasites by touching an infected surface and putting their fingers in their mouths.
Fortunately, most parasitic infections go away on their own or are easy to treat. But in people with weakened immune systems, a parasitic infection can cause serious complications. The immune system may be cut by HIV or AIDS, cancer, or other diseases. Babies and the elderly also have weaker immune systems.
For What do you Use it?
The ova and parasite test determines if you have a parasitic infection in your digestive tract. In addition, if you have already been diagnosed with a parasitic disease, the test can be used to check if treatment remains working.
Why do I Need an Ova and ParasiteTest?
Your doctor or health care professional may order tests if you or your child have symptoms of an intestinal parasite, such as:
- Diarrhea that lasts more than a limited days
- Abdominal pain
- Blood or mucus in the stool.
- nausea and vomiting
- Lose weight
Sometimes these symptoms go away without handling, and no tests are needed. However, tests may be order if you or your child have signs of a parasitic infection and are at increased risk for complications.
Some of the risk factors are:
Age: Babies and older adults have weaker immune systems. It makes infections more dangerous
Disease: Some diseases, such as HIV, AIDS, or cancer, can weaken the immune system
Certain medications: Some illnesses are treat with drugs that suppress the immune system. It can make parasitic infections more dangerous
Worsening of symptoms: If your symptoms don’t get better over time, you may need medicine or other treatment
What is an Ova and Parasite Test?
You must submit a stool sample. Your healthcare professional will give you specific instructions for collecting and shipping your model. For example, your instructions might comprise the following:
- Put on a pair of gum or latex gloves.
- Collect and pile the seat in the particular container that your healthcare professional or laboratory will give you
- If you have diarrhea, you canister tape a big plastic bag to the toilet seat. This way, it will be easier to collect the stool. Then place the bag in the container
- Make sure the example does not mix with urine, toilet water, or toilet paper
- Seal and label the container
- Take off your gloves and shower your hands
- Take or send the container to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible. Parasites can be more challenging to find if the stool is not test quickly. If you cannot get the sample to your healthcare professional soon, you should refrigerate it until you can get it to them.
If you want to collect a sample from your baby, the instructions are:
- Put on a pair of elastic or latex handbags
- Line the baby’s diaper with plastic wrap.
- Arrange the wrap, so that urine and stool do not mix
- Put the plastic-wrapped sample in a container that your child’s doctor will give you.
- Take off your gloves and shower your hands
- Take or send the container to your healthcare professional as soon as possible. If you cannot get the sample to your healthcare professional soon, you should refrigerate it until you can get it to them.
You may also be ask to collect several stool samples from yourself or your child over several days. Again, it is because parasites sometimes cannot be detected in the model. However, if multiple instances are test, the parasites are more likely to be found.
What do the Results Mean?
A negative result means that no parasites were found. It could mean that you do not have a parasitic infection or that there are not enough parasites to be detect. Your doctor or health care professional may repeat the test or order different tests to make a diagnosis.
A positive result means that you have a parasitic infection. The results also show the type and number of parasites you have.
Treatment of a parasitic intestinal infection almost always includes drinking plenty of fluids. Diarrhea and also, vomiting can cause dehydration (losing too much liquid from the body). Treatment may also include medications to kill parasites or relieve symptoms.
The severity of malaria varies founded on the species of plasmodium.
Symptoms are chills, fever, and sweating, typically being bitten a few weeks later.
People traveling to areas where malaria remains mutual classically take protective drugs before, during, and after their trip. Treatment includes antimalarial drugs.