Selenium is an open-source (free) package used to automate tests, which are carried out in the web browser, used to test web applications. As the Selenium tool is open source, it does not require license fees, which gives it an additional advantage over other tools used for similar purposes. For example, this test that is supported by this selenium tool is called a selenium test.

This open-source automated test suite is similar to HPE Unified Functional Testing (UFT) software, but its unique ability to focus on automating web-based applications makes it distinctive. Selenium Testing enables test automation for web applications on diversified platforms and browsers. This type of testing is well verse with a curated software suite, which can be use to meet various testing needs of an organization. It can boost an organization’s business growth and give it a long-term secure online environment. The selenium test consists of four key components as follows:

Integrated Development Environment (IDE)

A Firefox extension mechanism is used to effectively automate the browser with its built-in record and playback feature.

Remote Control (RC)

It is a server that helps ‘trick’ the browser into believing that the web application and Selenium Core belong to the peer domain by acting as an HTTP proxy.


First, the cross-platform testing framework was an easy-to-use component that helped control the browser from the OS level.

Selenium Grid

This mechanism has a remarkable ability to capture browser screenshots in meaningful stages. It also can implement Selenium commands on multiple machines simultaneously.

Selenium Test

Selenium Test

A curated usual of various software tools, each of which strives with a distinct approach to aiding test automation, is known as Selenium Testing. This comprehensive set of tools showcases the capabilities to meet the testing needs of all types of web applications. The selenium test closely resembles flexibility. It plays a critical role in comparing expected test results with the actual behavior. Allows various options for locating user interface elements. In short, Selenium Testing remains a vital support system for running tests on multiple browser platforms.

Understanding Selenium Tests

Most QA engineers focus on limited tools that meet their project needs. However, gaining experience in all the devices would present various options to address and solve diversified problems related to test automation. In addition, there are numerous ways through which functionality can be add to both it test scripts and the Selenium framework. It allows for high-end customization of your automation tests. It is one of the greatest strengths of testing compared to other tools used for automation testing. Also, being open-source allows its users to download and modify it efficiently and sustainably.

What Can Kind of Test be done with Selenium?

As a set of open-source software automation tools, including Selenium IDE, Selenium RC, WebDriver, and Grid, it provides many solutions related to software application testing. However, before conversing about the different types of testing procedures, this post highlights some of the key features that have promoted Selenium testing as a preferred choice of testers and developers around the world:

  • Quick access to reports
  • Supports agile methodology
  • Simplifies the documentation process.

Going further, some of the more popular test types are discuss below:

Functional Testing

It is design to test all the functions within the scope of testing on the application and ensure that it works given to the requirements document.

Regression Testing

Regression testing includes two components: First, it ensures that if new functionality is add to an existing application, the new feature does not disrupt standard functionality. Second, this test verifies that the fix hasn’t broken other functionality that worked before when known bugs are fix.

UI Testing (Black Box)

Also known as black-box testing, the app is tested only against the requirements document, and if any issues arise, they are reporting accordingly.

Integration Tests

This test checks explicitly whether all the modules prepared by different developers work perfectly or not. Problems usually arise if codes are not update, or changes are not implement.

How is the Selenium Test Performed?

So far, this post has given a fair idea about selenium testing and introduces the main types of testing methodologies. Now let’s understand the basics of this testing process. There are seven basic steps in creating a selenium test script that meets each test case and also, application.

  • Create an instance of WebDriver
  • web page navigation
  • Find the HTML element in the web page
  • Perform actions on the HTML element
  • Evaluate browser response
  • Running and recording the tests
  • Conclude


Since tests are one of the most critical components that define the success or failure of any project, selecting the best one for your needs is also an important task. Looking at today’s competitive IT business environment, selenium testing is undoubtedly one of the best options for automation testing. The easy-to-use functionality and also, regular increase in demand make it popular with testers, developers, and IT organizations. In addition to being use to test the GUI and functionality of web-based applications, it is widely use as a unit test kit for JavaScript.